Mental disorders (or mental illnesses) are conditions that affect your thinking, feeling, mood, and behavior. They may be occasional or long-lasting (chronic). They can affect your ability to relate to others and function each day.
There are many different types of mental disorders. Some common ones include
There is no single cause for mental illness. A number of factors can contribute to risk for mental illness, such as
Mental disorders are not caused by character flaws. They have nothing to do with being lazy or weak.
Mental disorders are common. More than half of all Americans will be diagnosed with a mental disorder at some time in their life.
The steps to getting a diagnosis include
Treatment depends on which mental disorder you have and how serious it is. You and your provider will work on a treatment plan just for you. It usually involves some type of therapy. You may also take medicines. Some people also need social support and education on managing their condition.
In some cases, you may need more intensive treatment. You may need to go to a psychiatric hospital. This could be because your mental illness is severe. Or it could be because you are at risk of hurting yourself or someone else. In the hospital, you will get counseling, group discussions, and activities with mental health professionals and other patients.